Preventions:

Wipe the correct direction

Wipe from front to back.

The majority of cases of bladder infection or urethritis are from E. coli, the normal flora that lives in your gastrointestinal tract. This helps you digest your food, but if you wipe from back to front you risk smearing it to your urethral meatus. Then the bacteria can cling to ther opening of the urethra, multiply and cause a UTI.

Change sanitary pads regularly

Women should change their menstrual pads regularly.

While wearing a pad or a tampon by itself does not cause a urinary tract infection, what’s going on inside or around your pad or tampon can.

Pads are often made with synthetic materials. These materials can create a perfect breeding ground for bacteria as they usually have poor absorbency. Low-absorbency means that your vulva, including your urinary meatus is more likely to be exposed to the bacteria.

Infection occurs when the bacteria clings to the opening of the urethra and multiplies, producing an infection of the urethra, called urethritis. The bacteria often spreads up to the bladder, causing a bladder infection, called cystitis. Untreated, the infection can continue spreading up the urinary tract, causing infection in the kidneys.

Underwear Hygiene

Do not share underwear or wear damp underwear.

Sharing underwear can give you another persons bacterial infections, which means if you share underwear with someone who has had the E. coli on the surface, it puts you at risk of contracting UTIs..

Avoid wearing damp underwear as warmth and moisture are a perfect breeding ground for bacteria

Drink a lot of water

Drink plenty of fluids especially water.

Drinking lots of water helps in dilute your urine and ensures that you'll urinate more frequently and also this frequent urination will allow the infection bacteria to be flushed from your urinary tract before an infection can begin.

Handwashing

Follow Five Steps to Wash Your Hands the Right Way

Washing your hands is easy, and it’s one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of germs. Clean hands can stop germs from spreading from one person to another and throughout an entire community - from your home and workplace to childcare facilities and hospitals.

Follow these five steps every time.

Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap.
Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the “Happy Birthday” song from beginning to end twice.
Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.
Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.
You can help yourself and your loved ones stay healthy by washing your hands often, especially during these key times when you are likely to get and spread germs:

Before

  • Before, during, and after preparing food
  • Before eating food
  • Before and after caring for someone at home who is sick with vomiting or diarrhea
  • Before and after treating a cut or wound

After

  • After using the toilet
  • After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet
  • After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
  • After touching an animal, animal feed, or animal waste
  • After handling pet food or pet treats
  • After touching garbage